Root Coverage
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When recession of the gingiva occurs, making teeth look very long, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a problem, gum reconstruction using grafting techniques is an option.

When there is only minor recession, some healthy gingiva often remains and protects the tooth, so that no treatment other than modifying home care practices is necessary. However, when recession reaches the mucosa, the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost.

In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. Also, gum recession, when significant, can worsen recession and expose the root surface, which is softer than enamel. This leads to root caries and root gouging, bone loss, and eventual tooth loss.

A sub-epithelial connective tissue gingival graft is designed to solve these problems and regenerate the gum tissues back to their original level! A thin piece of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth, or gently moved over from adjacent areas, to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the tooth. This gingival graft is placed to cover all the exposed portion of the root.

The gingival graft procedure is highly predictable long term and results in a stable healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth, restoring a natural result cosmetically.





American Academy of Periodontics
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